A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF PARTIAL EDENTULISM AND ITS REHABLITATION AT A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE AT ISLAMABAD
The aim of presnt study was to figure out the frequency of partial dentulism, its association with age and gender and different modes of rehabilitation.
The study was carried out in the Prosthodontic Department of Rawal Institute of Health Sciences Islamabad. A retrospective study comprised of 751 individuals, utilizing convenience sampling technique. Data was collected from patient record files from August 2015 to February 2017 to record age, gender, and kennedys class modified by Applegates rules in both the arches followed by the treatment prescribed. The data was analyzed by SPSS version 17.0. Chi-square test was applied to evaluate significant findings. Out of the total 751 patients, 308(41.0%) were males and 443(59.0%) were females. Above 50 year age group was mainly affected by partial dentulism. Kennedys class III was the most common pattern of partial dentulism in maxilla 285(37.9%) and in mandibular arch 231(30.7%). Kennedys class IV had the lowest frequency i.e 22 (2.9%) in maxilla and 28(3.8%) in mandible. The maximally affected age groups with Kennedy class III and class IV condition were 20- <30 year and below 20 year respectively. Acrylic partial denture was the first choice of treatment for partial dentulism. Mostly females 374(49.70%) demanded acrylic removable prosthesis for managing their missing teeth.
Hence the current study concludes the base line data to depict the frequency of partial dentulism and frequently chosen treatment modality in context to our local population of Islamabad and highlights the oral health care system and rationale behind prosthodontics.
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