EVALUATION OF OCULAR INJURIES ASSOCIATED WITH MID-FACIAL TRAUMA
The aim of this study was to evaluate frequency, etiology and association of ocular injuries with fractures in the middle third region of face. 129 patients with mid-face fracture were included in the study. An elaborated history was taken regarding trauma, followed by assessment of patients clinically and characteristics of fracture and associated ocular injuries noted.
Out of 129 in total 52 patients (40.3%) sustained ocular injuries. Frequencies for gender involvement were 38(73.1%) male & 14 (26.9%) female patients. The most common etiology associated was Road Traffic Accident (RTA) 25 (48.1%) followed by Assault 11(21.2%), Fall 8 (15.4%), sports injury 5 (9.6%) and Firearm injury (FAI) 3(5.8%). Subconjuctival Hemorrhage (71.15%) was the most common ocular injury found to be associated with mid facial fracture in this study. Other ocular complication found in these patients were Diploipa (19.23%), decreased visual acuity (17.3%), Enophthalmous (9.61%), Hyphema (5.76%) and blindness as 3.85%.
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