DENTINE HYPERSENSITIVITY THE MOST NEGLECTED DENTAL ISSUE
The objective of this study is to determine the epidemiology, predisposing factors and aetiological factors for Dentine hypersensitivity in the order to develop ideas for more realistic prevention and management strategies.
A questionnaire based survey was conducted from March 2019 to September 2019 among Medical, Dental & DPT students of Shahida Islam Medical and Dental College Lodhran. The study population for the survey consisted of 500 students of mean age group (22yrs), included both males and females after informed verbal consent.
Out of 500 people 286 were positive for hypersensitivity that is 57.2%. The most frequent cause of hypersensitivity was due to cold beverage only, occurring in 206 people that is (72%). Rest of the 81 people constituting 28% had hypersensitivity due to multiple causes. 43 that is 15% people have hypersensitivity to cold beverage, tooth brushing and sweet. The remaining 38 people making 13% were found to have hypersensitivity to hot and cold beverages. Desensitizing tooth pastes were used by 67.9% of those reporting sensitivity. The majority of these (72.6%) confirmed improvement in their symptoms reporting a beneficial effect. Professional treatment had been sought by 32% of subjects, almost all (91%) reporting an improvement post-treatment. Dentine hypersensitivity was more commonly found in females than males. There was no significant correlation in the level of reported sensitivity and previous periodontal treatment. The commonest teeth affected were the lower incisors distribution being buccal cervical areas of canines and first premolars. Least commonly found sensitive teeth were molars.
Dentine hypersensitivity is a relatively common problem experienced by general population. This condition may disturb during eating, drinking, brushing and sometimes even breathing. Many remains unknown about dentine hypersensitivity, even the terminology can be questioned.