PREVALENCE OF REACTIVE HYPERPLASTIC ORAL LESIONS
The benign hyperplastic lesions of the oral cavity are tumor-like proliferations but not neoplastic in nature. These lesions are reactive over-growths that develop as a result of chronic irritation or continuous trauma to the oral mucosa. The study was conducted to determine the prevalence, distribution and relative cause of benign reactive hyperplastic lesions of the oral mucosa in the secondary care setting of Fatima Jinnah Dental College and Hospital (FJDC&H), Karachi, Pakistan. It was a retrospective, cross-sectional study which included 100 cases of reactive oral hyperplastic lesions extracted from January 2017 to May 2019 reported in the Department of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine at Fatima Jinnah Dental College and Hospital. The research statistics were calculated by SPSS version 20. Chi-square was applied to find an association between two variables. The p-value <0.05 was significant. Out of100 cases, the fibrous lesions were the most common (40%), followed by pyogenic granuloma (23%) and frictional keratosis (15%). The lesions were most commonly found in females than males; the ratio of 2:1. Gingiva (60%) and buccal mucosa (21%) reported to be the predominant site of occurrence. These lesions develop due to poor oral hygiene (60%) and persistent chronic trauma (33%) to the oral mucosa. It is essential to confer an oral hygiene awareness session to the patients who are reporting to the hospital for dental care and general population who have no reach to good dental care about the significance of maintaining adequate oral hygiene and high-quality aesthetics for the healthy life.