PATTERN OF TEMPOROMANDIBULAR PAIN DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME SEEN AT KMU INSTITUTE OF DENTAL SCIENCES
The objective of this study was to see the pattern of Temporomandibular pain dysfunction syndrome in patients attending Khyber Medical University Institute of Dental Sciences, KMU-IDS, Kohat. This study was carried out at Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of KMU-IDS, Kohat from January 2018 to June 2019. A total of 34 patients with clinical presentation of TMPDS were included in the study. Data about demographics, chief complaint, etiology, stress and history of depression was collected. In this study, out of 34 patients, 12 (35%) were males and 22 (65%) were females. Mean age was 23.5 ± 13.4 years with 14 ( 41%) patients in age group 10-19. With regard to chief complaint, 22 out of 34 patients (65%) complained of pain. Click was reported by 5 patients (14%), 4 patients (12%) attended OPD for limited mouth opening (LMO). Etiology was elicited as trauma to face in 2 out of 34 patients (6%). Bruxism only was documented for just 1 person (3%). Stress was the only etiology in 9 people (26%). Stress collectively was reported in 20 patients (59%). In 11 patients (32%), etiology could not be elicited. Of the people with stress, 8 were on psychiatric medicines for clinical depression (23%).
In this study, TMPD was prevalent in females with a mean age of 23 years. Pain was the commonest chief complaint. Stress was the most common main etiology. Clinical depression was also found in 23% of people with stress.