EFFICACY OF FORMOCRESOL AND MINERAL TRIOXIDE AGGREGATE PULPOTOMY AMONG PRIMARY MOLARS: A RANDOMIZED CONTROL TRIAL
Aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of different vital pulp therapy techniques using Formocresol and Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) as the materials for pulpotomy in cariously exposed primary molars teeth. At the end of one year success was compared both clinically and radiographically. A non randomized convenience sampling method was used as sampling technique.
A retrospective randomized control trial was conducted and completed in one year (February 2015 to January 2016) at the Department of Operative Dentistry, Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry, Rawalpindi. For evaluating the success of the two techniques clinical examination and radiographic evaluation was used as criteria on follow up visits of 290 patients. The sample comprised of patients of age 05 to 08 years with mean age of the patients was 6.35±0.95 and 6.38±0.98 year in group-A and B, respectively. Selected patients were randomly distributed into two groups (group A and group B) using a lottery method. After performing pulpotomy procedure, formocresol was placed in group A patients while Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) was placed in the group B patients and the patients were called for follow up. 1st visit was at 03 months, 2nd was at 06 months and 3rd visit after a period of 01 year. The results were analyzed and presented as success and failure in the data sheet using SPSS version 17. Efficacy was observed in 104 patients (71.7%) in group-A and 131 patients (90.3%) in group-B with p value of p <0.001. The results show a significant difference in the efficacy of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) and Formocresol with higher success rate of MTA.