RADIOGRAPHIC ASSESSMENT OF APICAL RESORPTION IN INFLAMMATORY PERIAPICAL PATHOLOGIES
The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution and severity of periapical root resorption in different periapical pathologies radio graphically in patients visiting College of Dentistry, Jouf University. This retrospective study was conducted by examining the digital intraoral periapical radiographs of the patients who attended College of Dentistry, Jouf University in 1 year period. The ethical clearance was obtained from institutional ethical committee. Data were collected from the files of the patients using a structured proforma regarding the type of periapical lesions, presence or absence of apical root resorption (ARR). Collected data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 by applying Chi-square test to check the association between ARR and periapical pathologies.
In the present study the radiographs examined belonged predominately to the male patients. Most of the radiographs examined were of patients who were in the age group of 18-35 years, followed by 36-55 years and >55 years. Out of 396 radiographs with periapical pathologies, 148 (37.37%) showed ARR. Among 148 ARR, 115 (77.70%) had moderate resorption and 33 (22.29%) had severe. ARR was higher in periapical abscess (51.78%) followed by periapical cyst and granuloma (37.63%) and apical periodontitis (20.40%). Among 248 male patients with periapical pathologies, 90 (60.81%) showed ARR in which 72 were moderate and 18 were severe. Among 148 female cases, 58 (39.18%) showed ARR in which 115 cases showed moderate and 33 cases revealed severe. ARR was slightly higher in 18-35 years age group (45.94%) followed by the age group of 36-55 years (43.24%) and above. It can be concluded from this study that there is increased occurrence of ARR in periapical abcess than periapical granuloma and cyst.