PREVALENCE OF BRUXISM IN UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS, CLINICAL STAFF AND PATIENTS AT REHMAN COLLEGE OF DENTISTRY
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of bruxism in undergraduate students, clinical staff and patients at Rehman College of Dentistry, Peshawar.
This cross sectional descriptive study was conducted at Rehman College of Dentistry, Peshawar on 130 participants. The inclusion criteria were both genders, Pakistani nationals, age 20 to 60 years, dentate patients and mentally sound participants. The bruxism diagnosis was based on the criteria of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. SPSS 20.0 was used for data analysis. Descriptive statistics were computed. Stratification of bruxism among genders and age groups were conducted using chi-square test. P-value less than 0.05 were considered significant.
Males (n=72, 55%) were more in number than females (n=58, 44.6%). The mean age was 30.32±10.64 year with a range of 20 to 60 years. Overall 59(45.38%) participants had the habit of bruxism. High prevalence of bruxism was found in patients (n=35, 58.3%) followed by clinical staff (n=9, 45%) and least was in undergraduate dental student (n=15, 30%). These differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Age and gender had no effect on the prevalence of bruxism (P>0.05).
About half of our sample had the habit of bruxism. High prevalence of bruxism was found in patients followed by clinical staff and undergraduate dental student. Age and gender had no effect on the prevalence of bruxism (P>0.05).