COMPARISON OF MINERAL TRIOXIDE AGGREGATE AND FORMOCRESOL AS PULPOTOMY AGENT IN PRIMARY MOLAR TEETH: A RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL

  • Palwasha Babar BDS, MDS, Registrar Paediatric Dentistry Department, University College of Dentistry, The University of Lahore, Lahore
  • Anser Maxood BDS. MSc. (London), FRACDS (Sydney) FICD (USA), Chairman Department of Operative and Paediatric Dentistry, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), Islamabad
  • Sadia Khalid BDS, MDS, Dentistry and Allied Disciplines, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), Islamabad
  • Shahab Ud Din BDS, MSc. (London), PhD (London), Assistant Professor Dentistry and Allied Disciplines, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), Islamabad
  • Abul Kher Zalan BDS, Resident MDS Pediatric Dentistry, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), Islamabad
  • Maleeha Ijaz BDS, Resident MDS Pediatric Dentistry, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), Islamabad
Keywords: Pulpotomy, formocresol, mineral trioxide aggregate, primary teeth

Abstract

Pulpotomy is a routine pulp therapy in primary molars with deep caries. For decades, Formocresol (FC) is considered as a gold standard for this procedure. However concerns have been raised regarding its safety. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has revolutionized modern endodontic procedures owing to its excellent biocompatibility and regenertive properties and is seen as a promising alternative to FC as a pulpotomy agent in primary teeth. The aim of the study was to compare the clinical and radiographic success of MTA and formocresol as pulpotomy agent for primary teeth. Patients aged between 4 to 8 years with carious primary molars, meeting the inclusion criteria were selected after thorough clinical and radiographic assessment. Sixty two teeth were randomly assigned to FC and MTA group comprising 31 teeth in each group. Conventional pulpotomy procedure was performed. In FC group, cotton pellet moistened with FC was placed on amputated pulp stumps for 5 minutes and then a base of zinc-oxide eugenol (ZOE) was placed. In the MTA group, MTA was placed an pulp stumps as pulp dressing material. The teeth were then restored with Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC). The patients were reviewed clinically and radiographically at 3, 6 and 12 months interval. The findings were documented and statistically analyzed. Both FC and MTA showed 100% clinical and radiographic results at 3 months follow-up. At 6 months, the clinical success rate of FC was 90.3% and that of MTA was 96.8% while the radiographic success rate was 77.4% and 83.9% respectively. At the end of 12 months, 82.1% and 86.7% clinical success rate was observed for FC and MTA respectively. The radiographic success for FC was found to be 70.8% while that of MTA was 88.5%. The results of this study show that MTA gives higher clinical and radiographic success rate compared to FC. Based on the results of this study, MTA has the potential to replace FC as pulpotomy agent.

Published
2019-04-29
How to Cite
Babar, P., Maxood, A., Khalid, S., Din, S. U., Zalan, A., & Ijaz, M. (2019). COMPARISON OF MINERAL TRIOXIDE AGGREGATE AND FORMOCRESOL AS PULPOTOMY AGENT IN PRIMARY MOLAR TEETH: A RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL. Pakistan Oral & Dental Journal, 39(1), 18-23. Retrieved from http://podj.com.pk/index.php/podj/article/view/340
Section
Pediatric Dentistry