RISK FACTORS OF ORAL SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA IN OLD VERSUS YOUNG PATIENTS
Approximately 94% of all oral malignancies are squamous cell carcinoma and numerous risk factors have been determined for its pathogenesis e.g. smoking, betel nut chewing and alcoholism. Traditionally oral squamous cell carcinoma is thought to be disease of males in their 6th or 7th decade of life but in younger people increased incidence has been noticed in recent years. The current study is a contribution to literature to compare risk factors of oral squamous cell carcinoma in younger and older patients.
The patients meeting inclusion criteria from Out Patient Departments of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Units of de’Montmorency College of Dentistry Lahore and Nishtar Institute of Dentistry Multan were selected. A structured questionnaire was used to record patient’s demographic data and risk factors. Patients were selected after being confirmed for disease clinically and histopathologically. Of the total 232 patients, smoking was positive in 54.3% patients while drinking alcohol and betel nut chewing was in 10.3% and 87.9% respectively. No statistical significance was present in risk factors on comparison of old and young patients. On comparison of risk factors between male and female, difference was significant for betel nut chewing and smoking but not for alcoholism. Smoking was more prevalent in male patients while betel nut chewing was more common in female patients.