HEPATITIS B: KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF DENTAL HOUSE OFFICERS
Hepatitis B is a virus of great concern for healthcare providers, with an increasing prevalence in Pakistan. Dentists are blamed for this as negligence in infection control procedures (improper instrument sterilization, reuse) has led to this surge. The study was aimed to collect information regarding knowledge, attitude as well as practices about Hepatitis B infection by 200 house officers in dental colleges of Rawalpindi and Islamabad.
A KAP survey was done in Dec 2017 with pretested questionnaire having queries regarding knowledge, attitude and protective measures to prevent transmission of Hepatitis B. SPSS 16.0 software was utilized for data analysis. There were 136 (68%) female participants and 64 (32%) males were participants with mean age of 23.6+1.2 .The results showed that the dental professionals were quite aware of Hepatitis B and its transmission (62.5%).92.5% responded that without proper infection control measures one can acquire it. They were well informed about Hepatitis B vaccination (89.5%), precautions and droplet isolation procedures. However, continuous educational programs on isolation precautions and infection control measures can reduce the chances of cross infection.