PREVALENCE AND PATTERNS OF IMPACTED MAXILLARY CANINES: A CBCT BASED RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

  • Haris Khan BDS, FCPS, FFDRCSI Associate Professor Orthodontics, CMH Lahore Medical College, Institute of Dentistry, Abdur Rehman Road, Lahore Cantt
  • Ayesha Ashraf BDS, FCPS, Assistant Professor Orthodontics, FMH Lahore Medical and Dental College, Shadman, Lahore
  • Ayesha Anwar BDS, FCPS, Morth. (Former Assistant Professor Orthodontics, AFID Rawalpindi)
  • Eesha Najam Post Graduate Resident in Orthodontics. CMH Lahore Medical College, Institute of Dentistry, Abdur Rehman Road, Lahore Cantt
  • Fayyaz Ahmad BDS, FCPS, Morth RCS, FFDRCSI, FDS. Consultant Orthodontist, Security forces Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
  • Taimoor Khan Post Graduate Resident in Orthodontics. CMH Lahore Medical College, Institute of Dentistry, Abdur Rehman Road, Lahore Cantt
Keywords: Canine impaction, CBCT, Palatal impacted canine, Buccal impacted canine

Abstract

Maxillary canines are considered as the cornerstone of the mouth. This study aims to estimate the prevalence and unfold various patterns present in maxillary canine impactions using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Digital records of 3469 patient were collected from two different radiological units. Sorting of CBCT data was done for identification of maxillary impacted canine’s cases. Data were analyzed statistically, and descriptive statics were generated for age, gender, quadrant, and position of impacted canines. Chi-square test was used to check the difference in the distribution of impacted canines regarding gender, quadrant and position of impacted teeth. A p-value of <0.05 was taken as significant.

One hundred and eighty-seven patients were identified with impacted maxillary canines making a prevalence of 5%, with a mean age of 17.9 +2.65 years. 117 impacted canine cases were located in females while 70 impacted canine cases were in males. Female to male ratio was1.67:1. Statistically, a significant difference was noted between genders (p-value =0.00). No difference was noted between genders regarding quadrant and position of impacted canines.

Higher prevalence of impacted canine was noted in females, while left side predominance was found in both genders. Palatal impactions were most common while a higher prevalence of buccal impaction, than previously reported was noted in the present study.

Published
2018-09-10
How to Cite
Khan, H., Ashraf, A., Anwar, A., Najam, E., Ahmad, F., & Khan, T. (2018). PREVALENCE AND PATTERNS OF IMPACTED MAXILLARY CANINES: A CBCT BASED RETROSPECTIVE STUDY. Pakistan Oral & Dental Journal, 38(2), 211-214. Retrieved from http://podj.com.pk/index.php/podj/article/view/205
Section
Orthodontics