INFLUENCE OF DIABETES MELLITUS ON ORAL HEALTH

  • Yousuf Moosa BDS, MDS, PhD (Periodontology) Assistant Professor and Head Periodontology Department, Sir Syed Dental Hospital, Sir Syed College of Medical Sciences, Karachi
  • Mahreen Shahzad BDS, MSc (Oral Diagnosis & Medicine) Associate Professor and Head Oral Diagnosis & Medicine Department, Sir Syed Dental Hospital, Karachi
  • Amir Akbar Shaikh BDS, DDPH (Community Dentistry) Associate Professor, MS and Clinical Coordinator, Sir Syed Dental Hospital, Karachi
  • Syed Azhar Matloob BDS, MS Trainee (Oral Surgery), Lecturer Periodontology department, SIOHS, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi
  • Dr. Anila BDS, House Officer, Sir Syed Dental Hospital, Sir Syed College of Medical Sciences, Karachi
  • Manahil Khalid MBBS Student, Bahria University Medical and Dental College, Karachi
Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetes, Oral Manifestation of Systemic Diseases, Medically Compromised Patients, Oral health

Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 has been illustrated as a new endemic disease. About 285 million people globally suffer from diabetes. Even though there is authentic evidence that supports the correlation between diabetes mellitus and oral health, oral health knowledge is deficient among patients with di­abetes and other health physicians. There is a requirement for a general physician to be well-informed regarding a variety of oral manifestations of diabetes with the intention to diagnose before time and referrals to oral health professionals can be made.

This study was conducted to compare between oral health status of diabetic and non-diabetic patients and frequency of diabetes in patients who came for dental treatment to the Oral Diagnosis & Medicine Department of Sir Syed Dental Hospital, Qayummabad, Karachi, and to provide awareness of diabetes among them. The data were collected in two months duration (October and November 2017) from 35 diabetic patients (males = 11, females =24) and 74 non-diabetics patients (males =27, females = 47). Inclusion criteria for the study were patients over 30-years old, diagnosed with Diabetese Mellitus for more than 2 years.

Statistically significant difference was found between diabetic and non-diabetic patients in asso­ciation with dental caries, periodontal disease, xerostomia, burning sensation, candidiasis, missing teeth, geographic tongue, taste abnormalities, impacted third molars and lichen planus.

Published
2018-05-24
How to Cite
Moosa, Y., Shahzad, M., Shaikh, A., Matloob, S. A., Anila, D., & Khalid, M. (2018). INFLUENCE OF DIABETES MELLITUS ON ORAL HEALTH. Pakistan Oral & Dental Journal, 38(1), 67-70. Retrieved from http://podj.com.pk/index.php/podj/article/view/138
Section
Periodontics