ASSOCIATION OF DENTAL ANOMALIES WITH DIFFERENT MALOCCLUSIONS IN PATIENTS VISITING LIAQUAT COLLEGE OF MEDICINE & DENTISTRY
The purpose of present study was to determine association of dental anomalies observed in various dental malocclusion patients visiting for Orthodontic treatment. Total of 600 patients (169 male, 431 female) having mean age 17.25±5.55 years were evaluated.
This study showed that 61.2% of patients (n = 600) presented with at least one dental anomaly. Ectopic eruption was the most commonly found (46.8%), followed by Agenesis (missing tooth or teeth) 9.0%, canine impaction 4.0% and supernumerary teeth 1.3%. The frequency of theses dental anomalies were found higher in female than in males. Ectopic eruption (56% within malocclusions) was more frequent in patients with Class II div 1 malocclusion. No supernumerary tooth was found in Class II division 2 malocclusion rather more prevalent in class III malocclusion (2.5%). Impaction was associated with Class II div 2 malocclusion (11.1%), at a higher prevalence than other types of malocclusions. Agenesis was associated with Class II div 2 malocclusion and class III malocclusion (14.8). The correlations between dental anomalies and different types of malocclusion were found statistically significant.
Within limitation of this study, Dental anomalies recorded frequently higher in females than male subjects, the reason may be the female patients being more esthetically conscious, visiting orthodontic treatment in Pakistan.
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