FREQUENCY AND ETIOLOGY OF ZYGOMATIC COMPLEX FRACTURES IN ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL TRAUMA PATIENTS, A STUDY DONE AT AYUB TEACHING HOSPITAL, ABBOTTABAD
The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and etiology of Zygomatic Complex Fractures in oral and maxillofacial trauma patients. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at the Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad over a period of six months using a consecutive (non- probability) sampling technique. The study subjects were 195 fracture patients. Data were entered in SPSS 17 for analysis. Mean with standard deviation was calculated for quantitative variables and percentages and frequencies were calculated for qualitative variables. The overall frequency of zygomatico maxillary-complex [ZMC] fractures was 53(27%) in which road traffic accidents were the highest at 75%, sport injuries were 4%, accidental fall 9% while interpersonal violence was 12%. Mean age was 27±1.26 years and gender distribution showed 77% were male. The study shows an increased frequency of Zygomatic bone fractures in this part of the country. Road traffic accidents were the main etiological factor. Patients in Third decade of life were found more effected.
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